Drought occurs due to many reasons such as not using water resources consciously and climate change.
As an artificial grass fence company, we produce artificial turf systems that will minimize water consumption to prevent drought. As you know, artificial turf systems do not require irrigation and are more economical compared to natural grass. Therefore, we recommend the use of artificial turf instead of natural grass.
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Lack of rain and snow causes serious concerns about water resources and drought. You can find the details that cause drought, defined as water scarcity, in our content.
Now, when you explain the details of the drought, you will understand why you should use artificial turf. Let’s make an introduction to our topic with the definition of drought.
What is Drought?
Drought is the water scarcity that occurs due to the low amount of moisture in any region. It usually takes place over a long period of time and covers a long period. It is a natural phenomenon that results in the negative impact of land and water resources as a result of the decrease in precipitation.
Drought is different from other events in that it is a natural event that starts very slowly, develops over the years, and affects very large areas. It causes serious economic, environmental and social impacts in very large areas and sometimes even in an entire country.
Drought occurs in all climatic zones, but the susceptibility of the area to drought and the degree of impacts can vary greatly from one region to another.
For example, while the drought in 2005 affected many regions of Europe, the drought experienced in 2007-2008 mostly affected the Mediterranean Basin.
Drought, which is a natural part of some climate cycles, such as the tropical climate, can last for weeks, months, or even years. The longest recorded drought in our world is the drought that lasted for 400 years in the Atacama Desert in Chile.
In fact, this natural event takes place systematically in many parts of the world; Today, it has started to appear in unpredictable times and unpredictable ways in places where the natural moisture balance cannot be achieved and the rainfall regime is disrupted due to climate change.
Unlike natural events such as hurricanes, thunders, or storms, it is considered one of the most damaging climatic events because it is very difficult to make long-term predictions of when a drought may occur meteorologically. The effects of drought vary according to the sensitivity of the geography where it occurs.
The inability of the plant roots in the soil to meet the water need by not finding enough moisture and therefore to grow and develop can seriously reduce the yield of crops in agriculture. At this point, drought shows its socio-economic side. Many products such as vegetables, grains, and legumes that are essential for human life can be produced below demand.
What are the Causes of Drought?
So what are the causes of drought, which is now considered a natural disaster with climate change? Here are some of these reasons:
- The decrease in the amount of rainfall:
The main reason for drought is the decrease in the amount of rainfall. When rainfalls such as snow and rain are not sufficient, the soil begins to dry, water resources on the earth and underground begin to decrease, and water tanks such as dams begin to be emptied.
- High Temperature:
High temperature is another cause of the drought. Even when rainfall occurs, water evaporates rapidly due to high temperatures, causing the soil to dry out. When this situation repeats over the years, cracked and dry surfaces come to life when drought is mentioned.
- Global Warming:
Decreasing precipitation and rising temperatures due to global warming triggers drought. For this reason, it would be insufficient to combat drought alone without tackling global warming.
- Increasing Population:
A rapidly growing population is also among the conditions that cause drought. When the increasing population in a region causes supply and demand problems, excessive water consumption in these regions triggers drought and water scarcity.
- Destruction of Forests:
Trees and plants have very important effects on the formation of rain as they release moisture into the atmosphere. Conditions such as cutting down trees unconsciously and not protecting forest areas cause drought. There is a reciprocal causal relationship between forest fires and drought. While forest fires increase drought; drought also creates a more favorable environment for forest fires.
What are DROUGHT TYPES?
Drought, one of the most dangerous natural disasters, occurs in three basic ways. Drought types;
- Meteorological drought:
Meteorological drought occurs in the form of a significant decrease in precipitation over long periods of time. It spreads to different regions by increasing the severity of the onset of drought with low rainfall that causes a decrease in humidity. Significant changes in monthly and annual precipitation amounts are the main reason for such droughts.
- Agricultural drought:
Agricultural drought, which is directly related to meteorology, is caused by the inability to get enough water to the soil structure. The soil, which does not contain enough water, prevents the growth of the plants, resulting in the drying of the crops and low harvest. The lack of sufficient rainfall throughout the year causes agricultural drought to occur.
- Hydrological drought:
Water accumulation on the surface, adverse effects of underground water resources, imbalances in precipitation cause hydrological drought. Hydrological drought occurs as a continuation of the meteorological drought. Finally, hydrological drought occurs due to the continuous scarcity of rainfall.
What is the Relationship Between Drought and Water Consumption?
Unconscious water consumption at mass and individual scales increase thirst further with the absence of seasonal precipitation. You can support the protection of our water resources by changing your house cleaning and daily habits against the drought and the danger of drought experienced by all our metropolitan cities.
You can combat water shortage individually by applying many saving methods such as;
- repairing faulty installations that leak water in your home,
- not flushing unnecessarily,
- and cleaning the house and laundry correctly,
which can cause large amounts of water waste in improper use.
HOW TO PREVENT DROUGHT?
Being aware of the answers to the question of why drought causes are the first step to prevent drought. Hydrological and meteorological monitoring will be effective in eliminating the scarcity of rain, which is the basis of the drought.
Preventing the scarcity of trees that can cause drought and increasing forest areas is the simple but most effective method to prevent drought. While the effects of the drought that occur in a long time do not seem important at the beginning, it will threaten the lives of all living things in the following periods.
WHAT ARE THE RESULTS OF DROUGHT?
We have just said that drought is one of the most serious and dangerous natural disasters. Therefore, its effects and results are equally important. Almost every living thing is affected, from drought to the natural environment, to human life. Decreasing moisture in the soil leads to a decrease in trees and forest areas.
Since the agricultural areas cannot be irrigated sufficiently, productivity decreases. The damage in agriculture is reflected in the economy. Serious urban problems, lack of clean water supply, and health problems emerge. Mass animal deaths occur because the animals cannot graze and the water is not available to drink.
As you can see, drought is a very serious natural disaster. Therefore, forest areas should be increased to prevent drought. Also, water should be consumed consciously. We can prevent drought by avoiding waste of water.
With the use of artificial turf, we can reduce the water consumption of places such as sports fields, gardens, and landscaping areas and protect water resources.