How To Grow Your Own Fruit & Vegetables?
Growing vegetables and fruits is one of the most enjoyable jobs for amateur gardeners. In the beginning, it starts with 4-5 tomato seedlings, continues by planting parsley and basil in the corner, and at the end of this endeavor, gathering your products in your hands and sharing them with your loved ones, and being praised by them will make you excited and gardening will become an indispensable hobby.
Growing vegetables is an enjoyable occupation that saves people from their negative energy and keeps them away from stress. You will understand how tasteless and unhealthy the products you buy from grocery stores and markets are when you eat the vegetables you produce. Since you will do organic farming, you will now consume your own organic vegetables and fruits.
If you apply the tips we will give you, you will harvest the vegetables and fruits in a short time and you will experience this pleasure healthily and systematically.
Before we start, let’s consider the location of your garden.
Where does your garden get the most sun? Ideally, choose the sunniest part of your garden. Most vegetables need 6 to 8 hours of direct sun a day! Note that the south, east and west sides of your house will receive more sun than the north.
How far is the water? Make sure you have easy access to a hose or water source!
Is there a place near the house? An ideal garden is a place where you can see it from your door or window, so it’s easier to water and follow!
For beginners in vegetable growing, it is very important to choose easy-to-grow vegetables. Decide by considering seasonal factors.
Size of Garden
Before creating a vegetable garden, you need to decide on the size of the vegetable garden. To determine this
- The number of people living in the house.
- Whether the vegetables will only be consumed fresh or stored for the future.
- Whether you have enough strength and opportunities for this job.
You need to know the answers to these questions in order not to get into the work that will exceed ourselves and to get away from the situations such as making more than necessary and not knowing what to do with this product. In addition to these, even if you plan according to your family’s vegetable preferences, a production with a 100% satisfaction guarantee awaits you.
PLANNING MUST BE DONE WELL
After choosing where and in what size we will set up our garden, we can now take paper and pen and plan our field. It should also be said that if we continue this planning process and take note of every process we do about the garden, you will see a great benefit in the future. In particular, fertilization, sowing and spraying times are issues that should be seriously considered and should be noted.
SOIL SELECTION FOR VEGETABLE PRODUCTION
First, soil water holding capacity should be high. The soil should have high moisture, soft and well-drained. The ground should be completely flat or have a very slight slope. Water holding capacity can be increased with abundant farm manure. If the soil is clayey, the structure of the soil can be changed by adding 10 ccs humic acid to 1 liter of water with the use of humic acid. The most ideal and fertile soil for vegetable production is loose, rich in humus, sandy, and clay mixed soils. So what is hummus? To explain briefly, hummus is a collection of plant-based organic materials whose decay has been completed.
You should protect your garden against damage that may come from outside.
In addition to these, as a precaution, it can be surrounded by a fence and barricade around the garden. The most beautiful and efficient method of protection is to enclose the garden with hedge panels. There must be no trees that will make too long shadows in our garden. If necessary, these trees should be cut down. Because the shadow area greatly reduces the efficiency. If there is excessive sunbathing in your garden, we can eliminate this problem by planting plants such as corn and sunflower occasionally.
Animals that can damage plants or vegetables, such as cats, dogs, or birds, may enter your garden. At this point, the thing to pay attention to is to protect your garden safely. The easiest measure that can be taken for this is a grass fence.
Grass fences covering both make your garden look beautiful from the outside and prevent animals from entering. In this way, you can grow vegetables and fruits more safely. Grass fences are produced using artificial turf and are not affected by bad weather conditions. It can be used safely in 4 seasons.
For grass fence installation please contact us.
WEATHER (SUN AND WIND) STATUS
Our garden should definitely get plenty of suns and be protected from excessive wind. Otherwise, it will be an inefficient garden. Sun-drenched gardens, especially fruit growing, are productive.
Plants grown in light shade are generally plants whose leaves and roots are edible. Examples of these are plants such as lettuce, spinach, chard, and carrots.
HOW SHOULD THE IRRIGATION SYSTEM IN THE GARDEN?
Vegetables love water. Therefore, there should be plenty of water in our garden. Vegetables must be watered regularly. Every vegetable needs water, but the amount of water it needs is different. During the emergence of vegetables from the seed, the soil should be irrigated regularly and frequently to keep the soil moist.
HOW SHOULD VEGETABLE SEEDS BE PLANTED?
- Vegetables that can be eaten directly in the form of roots, such as carrots, radishes, beets, okra, broad beans, are planted directly as seeds. These vegetables are not seeded.
- Vegetables such as onions, potatoes, garlic are grown directly with shallots or seeds.
- Vegetables such as melon, cucumber, watermelon, zucchini are sown as seeds. However, these seeds are first grown in pots and taken into the garden while they are seedlings.
- Vegetables such as tomato, eggplant, and pepper are planted in the form of seedlings.
- Vegetables such as lettuce, celery, cauliflower should be planted in the form of seedlings.
Transplanting is done to allow the seedlings to acclimate to different environmental conditions. Surprising means removing the seedling from one place and planting it in another.
Watering of adult plants should be as follows; irrigation should be done at regular intervals and with plenty of water.
Irrigation is a process that should be done either late at night or before the sun rises in the morning. It is a recommended method to irrigate early in the morning to prevent fungal diseases. Because the soil that gets wet in the evening provides a suitable environment for the reproduction of these fungi, and at the same time, the cold water sent to the warmed soil in the morning creates a shock effect on the plant.
WHAT KIND OF MEASURES CAN WE TAKE AGAINST DISEASES IN OUR GARDEN?
If we do not want all your efforts to disappear in a few days, we must take measures against diseases.
- First, the environment must be airy.
- It is important to use healthy seedlings.
- The soil must be well prepared.
- Timely irrigation.
- The fertilizer used must be of high quality. Poor quality fertilizers maximize the risk of disease.
- Weeds in the garden should be cleaned regularly. Weeds pose a great risk of disease.
- Foreign substances and wastes should be kept away from the garden.
Fungi are among the most damaging pests to vegetables. In airless and extremely humid environments, the formation of algae and fungus causes excessive damage to vegetables.
To get rid of insects and pests, marigold, basil and basil are planted in certain parts of the garden to prevent harmful insects from approaching the garden. Because pests are extremely disturbed by the scents of these plants.